Video: NASA begins journey to sun, launches Parker Solar Probe
From The Trussville Tribune staff reports
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — Three hours ago, NASA tweeted its launch of the Parker Solar Probe to the Sun carried by a United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket.
The space craft lifted off at 3:31 a.m. EDT, from the Space Launch Complex 37 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, with its engines blazing during ascent in the early morning night sky.
The Parker Solar Probe, which is named after Professor Eugene Parker, is part of NASA’s Living With a Star program to explore aspects of the Sun-Earth system that directly affect life and society. The mission is managed by the agency’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland and was built, designed, managed, and operated by John Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab in Maryland.
According to NASA, during the spacecraft’s mission to touch the sun, the probe will use gravity assisted from Venus seven times over nearly seven years to gradually bring its orbit closer to the Sun and will fly directly through the Sun’s atmosphere as close as 3.8 million miles from its surface. A quest that will be closer than any spacecraft has been before.
The spacecraft will hurtle around the Sun 15 times faster than a speeding bullet at speeds up to 430,000 miles per hour.
NASA says the Parker Solar Probe will revolutionize their understanding of the Sun’s corona. Facing brutal heat and radiation from the Sun, the spacecraft will fly close enough to watch the solar wind speed up from subsonic to supersonic, and fly through the birthplace of the highest-energy solar particles.
Parker Solar Probe and its instruments will be protected from the Sun’s heat by the 4.5-inch-thick, carbon-carbon composite heat shield design which can withstand temperatures outside the spacecraft up to 2,500 degree Fahrenheit. While the inside, or back surface of the shield will withstand temperatures up to 650 degrees Fahrenheit.
This is the first NASA mission that has been named for a living individual.